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Postgraduate Research Process: Quantitative

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A larger guide exists focused on quantitative research.

Garwood's Definition of Quantitative Research

Research involving the collection of data in numerical form for quantitative analysis. The numerical data can be durations, scores, counts of incidents, ratings, or scales. Quantitative data can be collected in either controlled or naturalistic environments, in laboratories or field studies, from special populations or from samples of the general population. The defining factor is that numbers result from the process, whether the initial data collection produced numerical values, or whether non-numerical values were subsequently converted to numbers as part of the analysis process, as in content analysis.

Garwood, J. (2006). Quantitative research. In V. Jupp (Ed.), The SAGE dictionary of social research methods. (pp. 251-252). London, England: SAGE Publications. doi:10.4135/9780857020116

What to learn more? Search within the online version of The SAGE Dictionary of Social Research Methods (requires login).

Key Terms

Correlational design*

Effect size

Empirical research










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