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Massive Online Open Courses (MOOC)

A massive open online course (MOOC) is a type of online course targeting large-scale participation and open access via the internet. MOOCs are a relatively recent development in open distance education.

History of MOOC


  • The term MOOC was coined in 2008 by Dave Cormier at the University of Prince Edward Island and Bryan Alexander of the National Institute for Technology in Liberal Education in response to an open online course designed and led by George Siemens at Athabasca University and Stephen Downes  at The National Research Council (Canada).
  • The 2008 course was called "Connectivism and Connective Knowledge" and was presented to 25 tuition fee-paying students in Extended Education at the University of Manitoba in addition to 2,300 other students from the general public who took the online class free of charge.

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Sarah Cisse
Alvin Sherman Library