In addition to finding sources, it's crucial we understand how to evaluate those sources. Use ABCD, CRAAP, and SIFT to evaluate different sources like academic journal articles, websites, magazines, and popular news sources.
The CRAAP test is great for evaluating scholarly or academic journal articles. It is especially helpful in determining whether or not to use a specific article in your research.
The CRAAP Test is a helpful tool for evaluating a source's credibility and deciding whether you should use it in your assignment. It uses five criteria in the acronym: Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose.
The CRAAP Test questions are meant to serve as a guide rather than a checklist.
Text Transcript of the CRAAP Test for Evaluating Sources
Use the "CRAAP" Test criteria to evaluate the information that you find in print and on websites! If the information doesn't pass the test, you probably should not use it as a source.
When was it published/posted or last updated?
Do you need current information, or are older sources acceptable?
Does it relate to your topic or answer your question?
Who is the intended audience?
Is the information at an appropriate level? Too advanced? Too easy?
Who is the author, publisher, source, or sponsor?
What are their credentials or organizational affiliations?
Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
Where does the information come from?
Is the information supported by evidence?
Has it been reviewed or refereed?
What is the purpose of the information? To inform, teach, sell, entertain, or persuade?
Is the information fact, opinion, or propaganda?
Does the point of view appear objective and impartial, free of emotion, and unbiased?
Ready to practice using the CRAAP test to evaluate sources? Try the guided activity (click on the image) to practice evaluating a popular and a scholarly source. Ready to evaluate other articles? Use the linked CRAAP Test Tool to evaluate sources you've found on your own.