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Early Literacy: Science of Early Literacy

We begin to read at an early age and our parents are our first teachers. Here are some great books and materials you can use to support your child's early literacy skills.

 

 
Track your child's milestones from age 2 Months to 5 Years with the CDC's easy-to-use illustrated checklists. Get tips from the CDC for encouraging your child's development and find out what to do if you're ever concerned about how your child is developing.

 

Where to Learn More

Brain Development

 

More than 80% of a child's brain is formed during their first 3 years. What they experience during this time can irreversibly affect how their brain develops. 
 
Neurons are the building blocks of the brain and are constructed to make connections. 
 
Parts of a neuron  are
  • Axon - the "output" fiber that sends impulses to other neurons
  • Dendrites - short hair-like "input" fibers that receive impulses from other neurons
  • Cell body - processes the inputs

Neurons relay messages to and from the brain. If the collective "inputs" to a single neuron are strong enough, it will "output" its own message, sending it to the brain to be processed. 

 

 

 Children use every part of their brain when they learn to read. 

  • Frontal Lobe - responsible for movement, problem solving, concentrating, thinking, behavior, personality, and mood.
  • Temporal Lobe - processes hearing, language, and memory
  • Brainstem - responsible for consciousness, breathing, and heart rate
  • Cerebellum - responsible for posture, balance, and coordination of movement.
  • Occipital Lobe - Processes vision and responsible for perception.
  • Parietal Lobe - processes sensations, language, and perception and is responsible for body awareness and attention.

When we read, all the parts of our brain work together. Early literacy skills help our brain learn to use all of these parts together so we're ready to read when we go to school.