Less common than type 2 diabetes is type 1 diabetes, in which the pancreas produces little to no insulin. The majority of the world suffer from type 2 diabetes, but an important minority have type 1 diabetes (~5%). Contrary to popular belief, type 1 diabetes is not a childhood disease. It occurs at every age, in people of every race, and of every shape and size. In fact, there are more adults who have type 1 diabetes than children, although it was previously known as juvenile diabetes.
Typically appearing in early adolescence, Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision. Treatment aims at maintaining normal blood sugar levels through regular monitoring, insulin therapy, diet, and exercise.
Diabetes is a disease that affects the whole family, especially when a child is diagnosed. From ADA
About 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes and an estimated 40,000 people will be newly diagnosed each year in the U.S. The American Diabetes Associated is dedicated to the research, education and advocacy needed to improve the lives of all people affected by diabetes.
Make sure your child's school is prepared to handle diabetes.
Learn more about when, why and how insulin therapy works for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
There are many components to proper management of type 1 diabetes. From ADA
Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia). Your body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes—when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin.
Low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia occurs when the level of glucose in your blood drops below normal. For many people with diabetes, that means a level of 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or less.