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APA Citation for Business

In text citations

In text citations only include author’s last name and year (or n.d. if the date is not known). There are two types: parenthetical or narrative.

Parenthetical – the name and date appear at the end of your sentence, in parentheses. Example:

In addition, AI has been recognized as most suitable for tasks that require heavy processing of text, speech, image, and video data (Brynjolfsson & Mitchell, 2017).

Narrative – the citation is part of your sentence. Only the year appears in parentheses, immediately after the author’s name. Example: 

Similarly, Kim et al. (2021) found that humans (e.g., tutors) with a large number of tasks and a high level of task complexity often seek AI-based assistance.