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Artificial Intelligence: A Brief History

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an aspect of computer science involving the creation of systems that can simulate human learning and real-time problem-solving based on firsthand observations, inferences, and interactions with their surroundings.

  • As early as 1950, scientists have been thinking and writing about whether artificially intelligent computer systems would ever be able to think for themselves and interact with human beings. In 1956, the term artificial intelligence was created by computer scientist John McCarthy alongside the first computer program mimicking human problem solving.

  • Arthur Samuel introduced the concept of machine learning in 1959. In 1966, the first chatbot, "Eliza", was created with the ability to respond to textual input. These early developments in AI are the foundation of today's advancements with ChatGPT and other machine learning platforms.  

Artificial Intelligence. (2023). In Gale Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Gale.